Knee joint is consists of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid and it is one of the most common body parts to be injured.
Types of common knee injuries include sprains, strains, bursitis, dislocations, fractures, meniscus tears, and overuse injuries. Knee injuries are generally caused by twisting or bending force applied to the knee, or a direct blow, such as from sports, falls, or accidents. Risk factors for knee injury include overuse, improper training, having osteoporosis, and playing high-impact sports that involve sudden changes in direction. The main signs and symptoms of knee injury are knee pain and swelling. Knee injuries are diagnosed by physical examination and when is necessary, with X-ray or MRI.
Treatment of knee injuries depends on the type and severity of the injury and can involve RICE therapy, physical therapy, immobilization, or surgery. Prognosis for knee injury depends on the type and severity of the injury and the need for physical therapy or surgery.