Parkinson’s disease or (movement disorder) is a neurodegenerative and progressive disease that can affect the ability to perform common, daily activities. The symptoms become worse over the time. It is characterized by motor symptoms: tremors (a form of rhythmic shaking), stiffness or rigidity, slowness of movement (called bradykinesia), impaired balance, lack of facial expressions, changes in body posture (head and trunk leaning forward, gait difficulties (episodes of freezing), swallowing changes and in non-motor symptoms including sleep problems, constipation, anxiety, depression, psychiatric complications, dementia and fatigue.
The rehabilitation team is playing a huge roll to provide the functional and good life style for the patients which includes:
- Patient and family education about the disease process affecting motor or cognitive change
- Environmental modification at home and work to promote the safety and independence
- ADL and IADL’s training
- Exercises to prevent loss of range of motion
- Behavior modification such as use of energy conservation and time management techniques
- Providing the proper equipment